"Thank you very much . . . for sharing with me all of your discoveries of the Shroud of Turin. I am grateful to God and to you for the sacrifices you have made . . . to bring others to a deeper faith through the Shroud. I ask God to bless the work you are doing." --Mother Teresa, Calcutta, India, 1994
The goals of CSST are to promote further research, analysis, and publication in various media of materials already in hand; and to encourage much needed cooperative research with other individuals and groups seeking the truth about these remarkable and mysterious objects. We hope to have in the near future a Center in the Research Triangle Park area of North Carolina for the display of materials and presentation of information, and the conduction of literary, photographic, microscopic, and other types of research.
How to Contact CSST
Your prayers and support are much needed and greatly appreciated. For further information, presentation requests, suggestions, or interest in participating in and/or supporting this research, please contact CSST at the following:
Council for Study of the Shroud of Turin
P.O. Box 3190
Durham, North Carolina 27715-3190 USA
About Dr. Alan and Mrs. Mary Whanger
Mary Whanger was born and grew up near Brunswick, Georgia. She has an A.B. Degree in Religion and also training in elementary education from Duke University. She taught fourth grade before the birth of her first child and before she and her husband, Dr. Alan Whanger, served as missionaries in Zimbabwe from 1961 to 1965. Since then, she has been a stay-at-home Mom and active volunteer in various leadership roles in church and community activities.
Alan Whanger, a native of Detroit, Michigan, earned both his undergraduate and medical degrees at Duke University. His post-graduate training includes residencies in general surgery (Cleveland) and psychiatry (Duke), and additional work in tropical medicine and hygiene (London) and in geriatrics (Duke). He is the author of numerous professional articles and book chapters. He has been Professor Emeritus of Duke University Medical Center since 1993.
The Whangers are internationally recognized Shroud researchers, having been actively involved since 1979. They developed the Polarizing Image Overlay Technique for doing exacting image comparisons. They are cofounders of the Council for Study of the Shroud of Turin (CSST), a non-profit organization whose mission is to do research on the Shroud of Turin and related Relics of the Passion. He is Chairman of the CSST Board of Directors. She is Secretary of the Board and editor of the newsletter CSST NEWS.
They have two daughters, Elizabeth and Ruth, and six grandchildren. They are active members of Duke Memorial United Methodist Church in Durham, North Carolina, where they reside.
Photo Acknowledgments from our Website and Publications
Artephot, image of Jesus. Andre Grabar, Early Christian Art, Editions G. Allimand, Figure 256, Paris, 1968. Photo is courtesy Artephot, Paris.
Holy Shroud Guild. The photographs of the Shroud used on this website are from photographs taken by Guiseppe Enrie in 1931 and are used by courtesy of the Holy Shroud Guild, Esopus and Canandaigua, New York, permission granted by the Rev. Adam J. Otterbein, C.Ss.R., President Emeritus, and the Rev. Frederick C. Brinkmann, C.Ss.R., President pro tem.
Institute of Archaeology UCLA. Susan Downey, “The Stone and Plaster Sculptures: The Excavations at Dura-Europos,” Monumenta Archaeologica, Vol. 5, Final Report III, Part I, Fascicle 2, Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles, 1977.
Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Michael Zohary and Naomi Feinbrun-Dothan, Flora Palaestina, Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
Israel Exploration Society. Yigael Yadin, Tefillin from Qumran, Israel Exploration Scociety, Jerusalem, 1969.
J. B. Lippincott Co., successor to Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., Max Ritvo, “Roentgen Diagnosis of Diseases of the Skull,” Annals of Roentgenology, Vol. XIX, New York, 1949.
Kunsthistorisches Museum. Amulet model based on the “Gemmma Augustea” of Tiberias Caesar, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.
Lund Humphries publishers, Ltd. Altarpiece by the Cologne Master presently in the Wallraf-Richartz Museum in Cologne, Germany. Gertrude Schiller, Iconography of Christian Art, Vol 2, Lund Humphries Publishers, Ltd., London, 1972.
Miller, Vernon, Photographs of the Shroud of Turin, 1978.
National Broadcasting Company, Inc. NBC Nightly News of October 13, 1988. Courtesy of National Broadcasting Company, Inc. All rights researved.
Nuova Cases Editrice Licinio Cappelli, GEM. Pasquale Testini, in Le Catacombe e Gli Antichi Cimiteri Cristiani in Roma, Vox II, Nuova Casa Editrice Licinio Cappelli, GEM, Bologna, Italy, 1966.
Saint Catherine’s Monastery. We are most grateful to Father Damianos, Archbishop of Saint Catherine’s Monastery; Father Gregory, head of the Sacred Council; and to the other Monks of Saint Catherine’s Monastery for permission to use photographs of their icon.
Scala/Art Resource. Antonio Paolucci, in Ravenna, Scala Books, Florence Italy, 1971. Courtesy Scala/Art Resource, New York.
The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Copy of fresco by Thomas Heaphy in Wyke Bayless, Rex Regum, The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1905.
Werner Bulst. The X-ray of the amputated hand was prepared by Dr. Pierre Barbet, and the photo was supplied through the courtesy of the late Dr. Werner Bulst, S.J.
Yale University Press. A.R. Bellinger et al, The Excavations at Dura-Europos: Final Report VIII, Part I, The Synagogue. Yale University Press, 1956.
How to Order CSST Postcards
CSST in association with Jonathan Prather, Ph.D., of Bend, Oregon, have created 6” x 9” lenticular postcards titled, “How Old Is the Shroud of Turin?” These postcards show many of our research findings and suggest that the preponderance of evidence indicates the Shroud’s authenticity. To order ($10 each), call Ochoco Creek Press at (541) 362-6923, P.O. Box 1434, Prineville, Oregon 97754-1434 USA.
Learn about Mary and Alan Whanger's adventure in their book, The Shroud of Turin: An Adventure of Discovery:
For centuries the Shroud of Turin has been an unfathomable mystery. Called by some the Holy Shroud, it is an ancient piece of linen fourteen feet three inches long by three feet seven inches wide which bears many images, the most noticeable of which are the front and back of a crucified man. It has been housed in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Turin, Italy, since 1578, and may well be the most intensively studied single object in history.
Mary and Alan Whanger began their study of the Shroud after seeing a photograph of the Shroud face in 1977. They had no preconceptions about its authenticity, but she with a degree in Religion from Duke University and he as Professor at Duke University Medical Center, although in unknown territory, conducted their research into the Shroud scientifically and with painstaking thoroughness and dedication.
The story of their research is a compelling adventure story of unimagined discoveries. Never-seen-before images--coins and flowers, phylacteries and amulets, nails, spear, dice, and more--reveal their presence and provide evidence as to how and when the images were formed through the use of the Polarized Image Overlay Technique, invented by Dr. Whanger.
Overcoming their natural Protestant skepticism towards religious relics, the Whangers grew to believe in the authenticity of the Shroud of Turin. "We feel that the evidence is solid, if not always easy to see. The story of the progressive unfolding of the finding of these images and evidences is the subject of this book and the adventure which we now invite you to share."
An ancient prayer.
From the cowardice that shrinks from new truth,
From the laziness that is content with half-truth,
From the arrogance that thinks it knows all truth,
God of Truth, deliver us.
CSST website maintained by Jonathan Prather, Ph.D., firstname.lastname@example.org.